Jackie Robinson - Jackie Robinson is one of the greatest American sportsmen. Do you know why shirt number 42 is retired in baseball? Learn more.

Jackie Robinson's Birthday 2025 – January 31, 2025

Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919. He was born in an era when African American athletes were not allowed to compete with white athletes. Jackie Robinson helped to end segregation in baseball. An exceptional athlete, Robinson excelled in multiple sports. When World War II broke out, he left for the Army, and he wouldn’t play until five years later. He helped fight racial barriers within the Army. When ordered to sit at the back of a bus, he refused. This led to his exit from the Army. Celebrate this exceptional athlete and freedom fighter.

Fast Facts

Full Name:

Jack Roosevelt Robinson

Birth date:

January 31, 1919

Death date:

October 24, 1972


53 years, 8 months

Zodiac Sign:



5' 10"

Net Worth:

$6.0 million


Jackie Robinson was born to Jerry Robinson and Mallie McGriff. His was a family of sharecroppers. He was born in Cairo, Georgia. His family relocated to Pasadena, California, where he would grow up. His zodiac sign is Aquarius. Robinson was an African American professional baseball player who was talented at multiple sports. He grew up in abject poverty. He was inspired to focus on sports by his older brother Mack. Mack himself was a successful athlete who would later win an Olympic medal for track sports. Robinson got into Muir High School in 1936. In the same year, he won the junior singles championship and landed a place on the Pomona baseball all-star team. By 1937, he had dominated the school in basketball, football, track, and baseball for two years.Robinson enrolled in U.C.L.A. in 1939. He became the first student to letter in four different sports categories. He left college to join National Youth Administration, but the government discontinued N.Y.A. shortly after he joined. As a result, he went to play football with the Honolulu Bears in 1941. Robinson joined the Army and enrolled at Officer Candidate School the following year. He received an honorable discharge in 1944.Robinson signed for the Royals, an affiliate team to the Brooklyn Dodgers, in 1945. He played with the team for the 1946 season. He moved on to the primary team in 1947. Robinson’s presence on the team increased the number of spectators that watched the Dodgers play. By 1950, Jackie Robinson became the highest-paid player on the Dodgers team. He would go on to win six league championships for the Dodgers. Robinson retired in 1956, just after being traded to the New York Giants. After he retired, the number 42 shirt was retired in baseball. He died on October 24, 1972.

Career timeline

Jackie Robinson Joins the Army

He attends the Army officer school and gets commissioned as a second lieutenant in 1943.

He Leaves the Army

After disobeying an order to sit at the back of an Army bus, he gets an honorable discharge from the Army.

He Joins a Dodger Affiliate Team

Branch Rickey, the president of the Brooklyn Dodgers, signs Robinson to an affiliate team.

He Joins the Main Team

After a decent year with the affiliate team, he joins the main team.

Jackie Robinson Wins the Batting Championship

He wins the prize with an average batting of 0.342 and is voted the Most Valuable Player (M.V.P.).

Jackie Robinson FAQs

Does Jackie Robinson have a child?

Yes. He had Sharon Robinson, David Robinson, and Jackie Robinson Jr.

Is Jackie's number retired in all sports?

No. Number 42 is retired only in all baseball teams.

Why did Jackie Robinson retire?

Jackie elected to retire when he was traded to the New York Giants. He didn’t want to play for a rival team.

5 Surprising Facts

  1. He was named after Teddy Roosevelt

    President Theodore Roosevelt, who died 25 days after Jackie was born, inspired Jackie’s middle name.

  2. There’s an asteroid named after him

    American astronomer Schelte John “Bobby” Bus discovered an asteroid at the Siding Spring Observatory, in New South Wales, Australia, and named it “4319 Jackierobinson,” after his favorite baseball player, Jackie.

  3. Robinson didn't play baseball for five years

    With the outbreak of World War II, Robinson was drafted for active duty, and he didn't play from the age of 21 to 26.

  4. Jackie's teammates signed a petition against him

    Some of Jackie Robinson's teammates didn't want an African American on the team, so they signed a petition against his recruitment.

  5. Jackie Robinson received death threats

    Many racist people were unhappy with Jackie playing baseball, and they threatened to kill him as he played.

Why We Love Jackie Robinson

  1. Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers

    All his life, Robinson fought against racism in baseball. He sacrificed his military career for the cause.

  2. Jackie Robinson was a patriot

    When called upon, he served in the Army and contributed his quota to defending his country. He didn't make excuses.

  3. He was skilled in several sports

    Robinson didn't limit himself to baseball, and he already played professional basketball before breaking baseball's color barrier. We love versatile people.

Jackie Robinson’s birthday dates

Year Date Day
2023 January 31 Tuesday
2024 January 31 Wednesday
2025 January 31 Friday
2026 January 31 Saturday
2027 January 31 Sunday